Judge Will Garwood (1931 – 2011) was a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, as well as the Supreme Court of Texas. He was the first Republican judge on the Texas Supreme Court since Reconstruction. Among his hundreds of opinions, the most significant historically may be U.S. v. Lopez, the first court decision in nearly six decades to limit Congressional power based on the Commerce Clause.
Judge Garwood was born in Houston and graduated from Princeton University in 1952 and the University of Texas School of Law in 1955. After law school he clerked on the Fifth Circuit for the Honorable John R. Brown. He then served as a Judge Advocate General for the U.S. Army for three years before joining the law firm that became Graves, Dougherty, Hearon, Moody & Garwood.
Judge Garwood was appointed to the Supreme Court of Texas in 1979 and served for a little over a year. In 1981 President Ronald Reagan nominated him to the Fifth Circuit. He served on the Fifth Circuit for nearly thirty years, until his death in 2011.